Yoga aims to prevent disease, maintain health and to treat the diseases. Asanas & Pranayama help to keep the tridoshas under control and hence impart good health. Sthaulya is considered as one of the Ashtaninditiya. Sthaulya is the result of vikriti of medadhatu, vikriti of jatharagni and involvement of kapha and vata dosha . Sthaulya is one of the most prevalent non communicable disease in todayâ€™s era and Yoga & Pranayama play a major role in both preventing this condition and to treat it.