The oldest science in existence, Ayurveda, has been practiced for thousands of years in India and is founded on its own distinctive core concepts, such as the promotion of long life and the prevention of disease. The prevention-focused practices of Dinacharya, Nishacharya, Rutucharya, Nithya sevaniya ahara, Varjana of Nidhana sevan and Pragnaparadha, regular Rutu shodhana, and others are highlighted in the Ayurvedic classics. These practices are important because they are thought to be the most beneficial for maintaining life and health. Ahara (food), Nidra (sleep), and Brahmacharya (good conduct) make up Trayopasthamba. Each Upasthamba has a specific role to play in disease prevention. Ahara has been regarded as the first, demonstrating its paramount importance. The consumption of an overall diet is accountable for the development or prevention of numerous diseases, including lifestyle disorders.
Acharya Charaka made it very apparent that a person's regular diet should work as a preventative measure against future illnesses in addition to helping to preserve their current level of health. The ongoing re-emergence of emerging infectious diseases has necessitated a review of preventative methods, even if communicable diseases have been mostly controlled with the aid of modern preventive techniques like immunization. They urgently need to be supplemented with traditional knowledge. In this conceptual study, we focus primarily on the numerous Ayurvedic concepts for disease prevention and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
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